Tangible and Intangible Impact of AI Usage: AI for Information Accessibility


  • Jandhyala Prabhakar Rao Director, India Centre of Excellence for Information Ethics, University of Hyderabad, Gachibowli, Hyderabad
  • Rambhatla Siva Prasad University of Hyderabad, Gachibowli, Hyderabad


Equity, Democratic, Governance, Guidelines, Marginalised, Policies


Any technology opens enormous opportunities for individuals as well as societies. This undoubtedly will contribute to the welfare of the individuals and the growth of society. Since any technology is the creation of human intellect, it may also carry the issues of socio-cultural and environmental concerns, such as issues of acceptability, access, and equity. AI is no exception to this. This paper investigates some of the aspects related to the development and usage of AI, that includes accessibility relating to socio-cultural, economic, and ethical concerns. It argues for the need to evolve nation-specific policies and regulations addressing the issues of inequalities.


Access Now. (2018). "Human Rights in the Age of Artificial Intelligence". https://www.access now.org/cms/assets/uploads/2018/11/AI-and-Human-Rights.pdf. Accessed on November 7, 2020.

AI for Good Global Summit. (2017). Artificial Intelligence can help solve humanity's greatest challenges: Report. https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/AI/Documents/Report/AI_for_Good_Global_Summit_Report_2017.pdf. Accessed on November 07, 2020.

Bird, Eleanor, Jasmine Fox-Skelly, Nicola Jenner, Ruth Larbey, Emma Weitkamp and Alan Winfield. 2020. The ethics of artificial intelligence: Issues and initiatives. Scientific Foresight Unit (STOA), EPRS | European Parliamentary Research Service. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2020/634452/EPRS_STU(2020)634452_EN.pdf. Accessed on November 07, 2020.

Bostrom, Nick and Eliezer Yudkowsky. (2021). (forthcoming). "The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence". In Keith Frankish and William Ramsey (eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Artificial Intelligence. New York: Cambridge University Press. https://intelligence.org/files/EthicsofAI.pdf. Accessed on November 07, 2020.

COMEST. (2019). Preliminary Study On The Ethics Of Artificial Intelligence. Paris: Unesco|Comest. Https://Ircai.Org/Wp-Content/Uploads/2020/07/Preliminary-Study-On-The-Ethics-Of-Artificial-Intelligence.Pdf. Accessed on November 07, 2020.

Fairweather, N Ben and Simon Rogerson. (2003). "The Problems of Global Cultural Homogenisation in a Technologically Dependant World". Info, Comm & Ethics in Society, 1: 7-12. DOI: 10.1108/14779960380000221, Accessed on November 07, 2020.

Hagendorff, Thilo. (2020). "The Ethics of AI Ethics: An Evaluation of Guidelines". Minds and Machines, 30, 99-120. http://doi.org/10.1007/s11023-020-09517-8. Pp. 1-16. Accessed on November 07, 2020.

Hobart, Mark. (1993). An Anthropological Critique of Development: Growth of Ignorance. London: Routledge.

Ibaraki, Stephen. (2017). "Accelerating the Sustainable Development Goals through AI". ITU News, AI for social Good: How artificial intelligence can boost sustainable development. https://www.itu.int/en/itunews/Documents/2017/2017-01/2017_ITUNews01-en.pdf. Accessed on November 07, 2020.

Muller, Vincent C. (2021). (forthcoming). "Ethics of artificial intelligence". In Anthony Elliott (ed.) The Routledge Social Science Handbook of AI. London: Routledge. 20pp. http://www.sophia.de & http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4144-4957. Accessed on November 07, 2020.

SAS. (online). Machine Learning: What it is and why it matters. Available: https://www.sas.com/en_in/insights/analytics/machine-learning.html

STOA. (2020). The ethics of artificial intelligence: Issues and initiatives. European Parliamentary Research Service. doi:0.2861/6644. Accessed on November 07, 2020.

Ugra Declaration. (2017). Preserving Languages and Promoting Linguistic Diversity in Cyberspace for Inclusive Sustainable Development. Khanty-Mansiysk, Russian Federation, 4–9 June, 2017. http://www.ifapcom.ru/files/2017/Ugra_declaration_eng.pdf. Accessed on November 07, 2020.

UNESCO. (2019). Steering AI and Advanced ICTs for Knowledge Societies: a Rights, Openness, Access and Multi-stakeholder Perspective. Paris: UNESCO, UNESCO Series on Internet Freedom.




How to Cite

Prabhakar Rao, Jandhyala, and Rambhatla Siva Prasad. 2021. “Tangible and Intangible Impact of AI Usage: AI for Information Accessibility”. The International Review of Information Ethics 29 (March). Edmonton, Canada. http://informationethics.ca/index.php/irie/article/view/423.